The Viceroy butterfly is nearly identical to the Monarch butterfly. It has orange-brown wings with dark black veins. A black line across the hind wing distinguishes it from the Monarch. The viceroys are found in a wide range across North America.


Viceroy Butterfly” by Benny Mazur, licensed under (CC BY 2.0)


Viceroy Facts

Butterfly Family: Brush-footed Butterflies (Nymphalidae)

Butterfly Subfamily: Limenitidinae

Butterfly Wingspan: 2 1/2 – 3 3/8 inches

Butterfly Habitat: Moist open or shrubby areas such as lake and swamp edges, willow thickets, valley bottoms, wet meadows, and roadsides


Viceroy Host and Nectar Plants

Host Plants:

  • Trees in the Willow Family
  • Poplars
  • Cottonwoods

Nectar Plants:

  • Asters
  • Goldenrod
  • Joe-Pye Weed
  • Shepherds Needle
  • Thistle